Q3 2020: OFFICE MARKET UPDATE
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the unemployment rate for the Mpls-St Paul metropolitan statistical area (MSA) increased 500 basis points. To 7.9% for August 2020 from 2.9% for August 2019. The unemployment rate for the US was 8.4% in August 2020 up from 3.7% last year. State of Minnesota unemployment rate was 7.4%. The Mpls-St Paul MSA saw a decrease in job growth. As well as a decrease in office job growth in professional, financial and information dropping 21,300 during the same period.
The Mpls-St Paul office market, consisting of over 128 msf of space in seven counties across the metro topping 95,000 sf negative absorption for Q3 2020. The vacancy rate for the market stands at 12.5% for all properties. Multi-tenant properties posted 16.4% vacancy with over 64,000 sf negative absorption. The average asking lease rate for Mpls-St Paul came in at $25.02 psf FSG. During Q3 2020 there were 9 construction projects throughout the market totaling just over 1.3 msf.
During the Q3 2020 the market experienced over 1.1 msf of leasing activity in 251 transactions. Class A properties vacancy rate dropped for all properties this quarter to 10.3% compared to 8.8%. It also dropped to 15% for multi-tenant properties compared to 12.7% Q2 2020. For multi-tenant properties the Northwest market posted the lowest vacancy rate at 10.6%, Mpls CBD vacancy was 18.7%, St Paul CBD was 18.4% and suburban markets was 14.6%. Southwest market posted the most positive absorption of 137,000 sf with The Nerdery leasing 60,000 sf and new delivery of Bridgewater Corp. The West market posted the largest negative absorption of 125,000 sf for all property types led by Dominium space available for lease with 53,000 sf.
The Mpls-St Paul market consists of single and multi-tenant office buildings 20,000 sf or larger or part of a complex larger than 20,000 sf. The geographic area includes Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin, Ramsey, Scott and Washington counties. The tracked set does not include medical or government properties. All tracked properties are existing. Statistically, net absorption will be calculated based on occupancy change during the current quarter. Asking lease rates are based on an average asking rate and noted on a FSG terms with Net type leases grossed up.
View Full Report: Q3 2020 MNCAR Office Market Report
Source: Minnesota Association of Realtors (MNCAR)
Q3 2020: OFFICE MARKET UPDATE
MID-YEAR 2020 INDUSTRIAL MARKET UPDATE
Net Absorption & Vacancy Rates
Statistically, Q2 2020 is showing the effects of COVID-19 on industrial leasing activity and the industrial market. Net absorption of vacant space during Q2 2020 was only 107,345 SF compared to 829,298 SF for Q2 2019. YTD net absorption for 2020 totals 330,369 SF compared to 1,587,669 SF in 2019.
The difference in the net absorption numbers (SF) between 2019 and 2020 is significant. However, the industrial market remains healthy as demonstrated by the overall industrial vacancy rate of 5.0% through the Q2 2019 and 4.8% through Q2 2020. More specifically, YTD industrial vacancy rates reflect the continued sound condition of the market by product type:
What is Influencing this Market Condition?
Two characteristics of the current market have significantly influenced the ongoing strong conditions of the industrial market: 1) Vacancy rates were at historical lows prior to the introduction of COVID-19 and, 2) Delivery of new industrial product to the market year-over-year has moderated. YTD Q2 2019 deliveries of new industrial product totaled 1,853,203 SF. While Q2 2020 new deliveries of industrial product totaled only 906,571 SF. The combination of less new development coming on line and limited negative absorption has enabled vacancy rates to remain low. Therefore, the overall market is in a state of good health.
Current expectations between landlords and tenants do seem to significantly differ. Tenants believe the industrial market has weakened and landlords are still very bullish on the market. A major reason for this difference in perception of the market has been the media’s reporting on the commercial real estate market. Retail and office space have been significantly impacted by COVID-19, so far in 2020. COVID-19 has had a very limited impact on new industrial lease terms and conditions, at least through Q2 2020. Limited net free rent, and tenant improvement packages, combined with strong net rates seems to be the story of the day for most industrial properties. The one exception to these healthy characteristics is office/flex/showroom product. Office/flex/showroom product still requires net free rent and significant improvement dollars generally to consume a new lease.
Hottest Industrial Market Segment
One of the brightest spots in the industrial market is User/Owner building sales. The limited supply of functional industrial properties currently available For Sale, combined with the low interest rate environment for debt, has pushed User/Owner building values to all time highs. Specifically, well-located properties receive multiple offers in many instances.
What is to Come
Finally, finding a vaccine that will make the current pandemic a thing of the past will remove much of the uncertainty existing today in the economy and the commercial/industrial real estate market. If the pandemic continues on into next year, the statistics and resulting story being told may be much different than it is today.
Written by: Phil Simonet, Principal
Is This 2008 All Over Again?
Industrial Building Values
Even in the best economies, owners are curious about the value of their building. In times of economic uncertainty, this question takes on even more significance. For many business owners, this recession may be forcing them to ask the tough questions related to building values. The short answer is that buildings are not worth what they were 60-days ago. Beyond that, future predictions require a well-informed analysis.
First, a bit of history. The 2008 Great Recession eliminated most of the demand for industrial space, both for lease and for sale; however, the supply of available buildings did not change significantly. This supply and demand imbalance created a significant drop in building sale prices that was at times up to 33%. Contrasted with today’s environment, the low supply of available buildings has pushed prices to unheard of levels. In fact, some high-quality owner-user buildings were selling for $100 per square foot or more, an all-time high in the Twin Cities. The current crisis will certainly reduce demand for buildings, which is already becoming obvious through terminated purchase agreements, fewer showings, fewer offers, and reduced offer prices.
Naturally, values must come down, but will they drop precipitously like they did in 2008? Probably not. And here are a few reasons why:
#1: Some industrial companies are thriving which will preserve some demand for industrial buildings
For example, clothing manufacturers are now making masks, plastic extruders are now making partitions for retail stores, medical manufactures are now making face shields, and the list goes on. This is different than 2008. During that crisis, it was hard to find any thriving industrial business that still wanted to buy real estate.
#2: Banks are still lending and interest rates for owner-users are exceptionally low
For example, the SBA 504 rate is currently 2% over the 5-year Treasury bill, which is under 1%. Bank interest rates are also 1-2% lower than before the crises. This lower cost of capital will help those who are thriving to borrow money for real estate.
#3: There is pent up demand
Many companies have been searching for the right building to buy for years. Because supply has been so low, these companies have lost out in multiple-offer situations and because many buildings traded immediately when hitting the public market. Many of these would-be buyers are still healthy and able to jump on the right opportunity when it appears.
So, back to the original question, what is the value of your industrial building today? Recent reductions in list prices and re-trading of existing deals indicates that values have declined by 10%-20%. A more accurate analysis is to look at values over time. Down 10%-20% today; however, if the drop-off in economic activity continues, values could continue to fall. A resurgence of Covid-19 could create the dreaded “W” recession, and another dip in economic activity and value. If the economy is opened for business soon and can get back to a more normal level of activity, values may stabilize and begin to rise as we all get back to work.
Stay tuned for more analysis as events unfold over the next few months.
Minnesota COVID-19 Resources for Businesses
Call John Young
Is This 2008 All Over Again?
Is this 2008 all over again? The answer is “maybe”, but “probably not”. Let’s go back in time. The 2008 Great Recession started with cash being drained from the monetary system. This was due to a massive failure of collateralized debt obligations held by the largest banks and over-building in the housing sector. This created a liquidity trap where Federal Reserve monetary policy was ineffective. Interest interest rates were already low and consumers were holding cash. There have been three notable liquidity traps in recent history: post-depression 1930’s America; Japan’s mid-1990’s recession; and most of the world after the 2008 great recession.
Although we have not had the customary two quarters of negative GDP, most economists are saying we are now in a recession. However, this one did not begin with the same cash drain as the 2008 crises, but is it creating the same liquidity trap? Not exactly.
This recession started with sharply reduced demand due to social distancing/quarantining and subsequent job losses. It did not start with cash being drained from the worldwide banking system. To date, almost 10 million Americans have filed for unemployment and, according to Goldman Sachs, the U.S could lose 37% of its GDP, the largest hit to GDP in history.
What is the main difference between 2008 and now? The $2.0 trillion fiscal stimulus bill is more than twice the size of the stimulus bill in 2009. It is focused on both businesses and consumers including a $1,200 direct payment for most Americans. In other words, there is far more fiscal stimulus pouring into the economy meant to save businesses and maintain some amount of consumer demand.
How bad will it get? Let’s think about a few important questions:
QUESTION #1: When will this current economic downturn end?
Answer: If the epidemiological models are correct, sometime in June or July we may get back to our near normal routines.
QUESTION #2: How much injury will be done to businesses and consumers?
Answer: It depends on how much cash businesses or consumers started with. If businesses and consumers have enough cash to pay rent, mortgages, and basic needs, then maybe there will be pent up demand and we can take off quickly. On the other hand, if working capital, credit cards, and other loans are already maxed out and cash is low, then a period of months (6-12 months????) may be necessary for the economy to come out of this recession.
QUESTION #3: Will the Fed, U.S. House and Senate be effective in combating this recession?
Answer: Yes, so far. They are bringing out the big guns with both fiscal stimulus and monetary policy.
QUESTION #4: Will there be an inflation hangover from all this borrowing?
Answer: Many economists are saying, “no”. Primarily because the U.S. is borrowing money at a negative real interest rate, and technology and innovation have kept inflation low since 2008, a trend that will probably continue. For example, we are all working from home now and most businesses will learn, just like 2008, that they can do more with fewer people and smaller real estate footprints. These factors, among others, should keep the inflation-making prices and wages mix under control.
One thing is certain, we all need to buckle up for a rough few months and cross our fingers that businesses and consumers are ready to spring into action very soon.
Minnesota COVID-19 Resources for Businesses